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A club and ball sport in which players use clubs of varying sizes and strengths to hit a ball into a series of holes on a course in as few shots as possible. A traditional golf course is played out over 18 holes, either as individuals or in a team.

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The Basics

  • Golf can be played in a handful of different formats, but all involve attempting to get the ball into a hole as quickly as possible. The difference is in how the winner is calculated – either by taking the fewest total shots, or by winning the most individual holes.
  • A golf course consists of different surfaces, some of which are easier to hit off than others, and some of which require different types of club to supply a better shot, e.g. a fairway involves much shorter, friendlier grass than the ‘rough’. 
  • Games will often involve hazards which cause shot penalties (such as if a player’s ball falls in the water), or else slow down their progress, like a sandpit or tress. If a golfer's ball lands off-course then they will use a specially designed club to help them.


  • As with tennis, golf’s top level of competition involves four annual Major Championships: the Masters, the U.S Open, the Open Championship, and the PGA Championship. The four most successful players are American, led by Jack Nicklaus, who has won 18 Majors.
  • Golf was included in the Summer Olympics for the first time in Rio in 2016, where the men’s competition was won by Great Britain’s Justin Rose and the women’s event was won by South Korea’s Inbee Park.  
  • As of 2013, five tournaments are designated as majors in women's golf by the LPGA Tour, with South Korea and the United States generally being the two most dominant nations.

Famous Competitors

  • Tiger Woods – the 14-time major winner is second only to Nicklaus in the list of all-time most successful golfers, although his success has waned in recent years following issues with injury and health. Tiger’s last major came at the U.S Open in 2008, just 11 years on from his first major, meaning he had won 14 out of 46 majors at the time – a success rate of over 30%.
  • Rory McIlroy – the Northern Irishman is arguably one of the most famous players British golf has ever produced, despite still being in the relatively early stages of his career. He is already a four-time major winner, having won the U.S Open in 2011, the PGA Championship in 2012 and both the Open and the PGA in 2014. Only the Masters title awaits him.

National Governing Body

Golf Foundation – please click here for more information.


  • Intra-School Primary: Competition Card
  • Intra-School Primary: Challenge Card
  • Intra-School Secondary 
  • Local Inter-School
  • Inclusive Specific Sport Format

In order for a competition to be considered part of a School Games provision, it must follow a School Games format. All School Games registered users have access to our sport formats and can access the formats for this sport by clicking the button below. Alternatively, you can download the full Golf format pack by clicking here

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